Pennywort | Hydrocotyle Verticillata

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Meet the Hydrocotyle Verticillata—an aquatic sensation that's as versatile as your playlist! This beauty can flaunt its greenery in both submerged aquariums and emersed environments, making it the ultimate aquatic multitasker.

Aquatic Maestro in Every Setting: In the underwater realm, Hydrocotyle Verticillata is the showstopper with its trailing behavior and the creation of shield-like leaf pads, adding a delightful texture to your planted aquarium. Soft water, a dash of CO2, nutrient-rich aquarium soil, and medium lighting are the magic ingredients for optimal growth, creating a green paradise in your tank.

Beyoncé of Aquariums: But here's the cool part: Hydrocotyle Verticillata isn't just a background player. This aquatic maestro can shine in the mid-ground and even steal the spotlight as a unique foreground aquatic plant. It's like the Beyoncé of aquariums, always ready for a solo or group performance!

Aliases and Mystery: Whether you're a beginner or an experienced aquascaper, Hydrocotyle Verticillata is your green companion. It's known by aliases like Whorled Pennywort or Shield Pennywort, adding a touch of mystery to its aquatic fame.

Think Big with the Green Dream: And for those who like to think big, Hydrocotyle Verticillata can grow quite large when given the emersed spotlight. It's a green dream for anyone looking to create a lush and thriving aquatic environment.

Ready for the Aquatic Rockstar? So, if you're ready to turn your aquarium into a green masterpiece, Hydrocotyle Verticillata is the aquatic rockstar you've been waiting for.


  • Shield-like leaves: Pennywort's most striking feature is its round, glossy leaves resembling miniature lily pads. These leaves, typically 1-2 inches in diameter, grow in whorls of three to five around the stems, adding a unique texture to the plant.
  • Trailing growth: Unlike many aquatic plants, Pennywort displays a low-growing, creeping habit. Its slender stems trail gracefully underwater or cascade over rocks and driftwood in emersed settings.
  • Vibrant green color: The leaves boast a beautiful emerald green color, adding a touch of life and vibrancy to any aquatic or terrarium landscape.

Adaptability and Care:

  • Easygoing nature: Pennywort is a remarkably undemanding plant, making it suitable for beginners. It thrives in a wide range of water temperatures, moderate lighting, and slightly acidic to neutral water conditions.
  • Fast grower: This adaptable plant is a fast grower, quickly forming dense carpets or cascading drapes depending on its placement. Regular trimming is recommended to maintain its desired shape and prevent overgrowth.
  • Versatility: Pennywort readily adapts to various environments. It can be submerged in aquariums, planted in boggy areas of ponds, or even thrive in moist soil for terrariums, offering flexibility for any aquascaping or gardening project.


  • Visual appeal: With its lush green foliage and delicate trailing growth, Pennywort adds a touch of natural beauty to any aquatic or terrarium setting.
  • Hiding places: The dense foliage provides excellent hiding spots and shelter for fish fry, shrimp, and other small aquatic creatures.
  • Water quality: Pennywort acts as a natural filter, absorbing excess nutrients and helping to prevent algae growth, contributing to overall water health.
  • Oxygenation: While not as efficient as some dedicated aquarium plants, Pennywort does contribute to oxygenation in the water column, benefiting the aquatic ecosystem.

Best Roommates:

  • Amazon Sword (Background)
  • Java Fern (Midground to background)
  • Anubias Barteri (Midground)
  • Vallisneria (Background)
  • Hornwort (Background)


Care Level: Easy

Lighting Requirement: Low-Medium

Co2: Not Needed

Growth Rate: Medium

Origin: South America

Tank Placement: Foreground as carpet, mid-ground, and background

Pennywort is a easy to grow creeping plant in aquariums. It can be used all over the tank from carpeting plant to tall stem like plant in the background. Trim often to keep it under control. The leaves are round and can get quite large.


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